Present DFM CMP modeling and applications mainly focus on the hotspot detection and fixing methodology for the Back-End-Of-Line (BEOL) layers . Today, the present methodology is no longer sufficient to eliminate all the CMP related manufacturing defects. There is a strong demand for STI, poly and contact silicon calibrated CMP models to predict and fix the related CMP hotspots.
Shallow Trench Isolation (STI) and Poly CMP planarity is very critical in advanced technologies with Diffusion layer FIN structures and Replacement Metal Gate Process flow . Gate uniformity after CMP will improve device performance, reduce CMP defects and increases the yield. Contact (Tungsten) CMP polishing is another important step that defines contact planarity, which will influence metal layer CMP planarization .
This paper will discuss design dependent CMP variations for STI, Poly and Contact CMP steps and showcase the importance of FEOL CMP modeling. We present the methodology for Silicon calibrated STI CMP, Poly and Contact CMP models and the applications of FEOL CMP models in CMP dishing and erosion hotspot analysis. We also present FEOL plus BEOL multi stack CMP simulations applications and provide design guidelines to fix CMP hotspots.