Therefore a process flow enabled with extremely high selective etches inherent to film properties and/or etch chemistries is a significant advantage. To improve this etch selectivity for certain etch steps during a process flow, we have to implement alternate highly selective, plasma free techniques in conjunction with conventional plasma etches (Fig 2.). In this article, we will present our plasma free, chemical gas phase etch technique using chemistries that have high selectivity towards a spectrum of films owing to the reaction mechanism ( as shown Fig 1). Gas phase etches also help eliminate plasma damage to the features during the etch process. Herein we will also demonstrate a test case on how a combination or plasma assisted and plasma free etch techniques has the potential to improve process performance of a 193nm immersion based self aligned quandruple patterning (SAQP) for BEOL compliant films (an example shown in Fig 2). In addition, we will also present on the application of gas etches for (1) profile improvement, (2) selective mandrel pull (3) critical dimension trim of mandrels, with an analysis of advantages over conventional techniques in terms of LER and EPE.
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