11 April 1989 Problems And Their Solutions When Thin-Walled Turned Parts Of High Precision With Quasi-Optical Surfaces Are Manufactured On A CNC Automatic Lathe Under Workshop Conditions
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Proceedings Volume 1015, Micromachining Optical Components and Precision Engineering; (1989); doi: 10.1117/12.949443
Event: 1988 International Congress on Optical Science and Engineering, 1988, Hamburg, Germany
Abstract
The geometrical accuracy and surface roughness of diamond-turned workpieces is influenced by several parameters: the properties of the machine tool, the cutting process and the environmental conditions. A thin-walled electrode made from an aluminium alloy (wall thickness: 1 mm, length: 169 mm, outer diameter: 126 mm) and intended for an electrostatic measuring instrument, serves as an example to show how quasi-optical surfaces with a surface roughness Rα < 10 nm and deviations from roundness of ≤ 5 μm can be achieved when some of these influence quantities are optimized. The cylindrical part of the electrode was turned by means of a rounded mirror-finish diamond tool, the width of the cutting edge being 2 mm, the rake angle -6° and the clearance angle 2°. Compliance with the tolerances of geometrical accuracy was particularly difficult. As age-hardened wrought aluminium alloys cannot be stress-relieved by annealing, or only insufficiently, the geometrical accuracy - in particular the roundness - of thin-walled, rotationally symmetric bodies decisively depends on the state of stress of the workpiece material, on the clamping fixture and on the balanced condition of this clamping fixture.
© (1989) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Valentin E. Jager, "Problems And Their Solutions When Thin-Walled Turned Parts Of High Precision With Quasi-Optical Surfaces Are Manufactured On A CNC Automatic Lathe Under Workshop Conditions", Proc. SPIE 1015, Micromachining Optical Components and Precision Engineering, (11 April 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.949443; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.949443
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KEYWORDS
Electrodes

Aluminum

Manufacturing

Spindles

Surface finishing

Micromachining

Optical components

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