11 November 2016 Minimising back reflections from the common path objective in a fundus camera
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Proceedings Volume 10151, Optics and Measurement International Conference 2016; 101510K (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256633
Event: Optics and Measurement 2016 International Conference, 2016, Liberec, Czech Republic
Abstract
Eliminating back reflections is critical in the design of a fundus camera with internal illuminating system. As there is very little light reflected from the retina, even excellent antireflective coatings are not sufficient suppression of ghost reflections, therefore the number of surfaces in the common optics in illuminating and imaging paths shall be minimised. Typically a single aspheric objective is used. In the paper an alternative approach, an objective with all spherical surfaces, is presented. As more surfaces are required, more sophisticated method is needed to get rid of back reflections. Typically back reflections analysis, comprise treating subsequent objective surfaces as mirrors, and reflections from the objective surfaces are traced back through the imaging path. This approach can be applied in both sequential and nonsequential ray tracing. It is good enough for system check but not very suitable for early optimisation process in the optical system design phase. There are also available standard ghost control merit function operands in the sequential ray-trace, for example in Zemax system, but these don’t allow back ray-trace in an alternative optical path, illumination vs. imaging. What is proposed in the paper, is a complete method to incorporate ghost reflected energy into the raytracing system merit function for sequential mode which is more efficient in optimisation process. Although developed for the purpose of specific case of fundus camera, the method might be utilised in a wider range of applications where ghost control is critical.
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A. Swat, "Minimising back reflections from the common path objective in a fundus camera", Proc. SPIE 10151, Optics and Measurement International Conference 2016, 101510K (11 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2256633; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256633
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