19 October 2016 Optical design study of the Wide Field Survey Telescope (WFST)
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Proceedings Volume 10154, Advanced Optical Design and Manufacturing Technology and Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation; 101542A (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2248371
Event: International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2016, 2016, Beijing, China
Abstract
WFST is a proposed 2.5m wide field survey telescope intended for dedicated wide field sciences. The telescope is to operate at six wavelength bands (u, g, r, i, z, and w), spanning from 320 to 1028 nm. Designed with a field of view diameter of 3 degree and an effective aperture diameter of 2.29 m, the WFST acquires a total optical throughput over 29.3 m2deg2. With such a large throughput, WFST will survey up to 6000deg2 of the northern sky in multiple colors each night, reaching 23th magnitude for high-precision photometry and astrometry. The optical design is based on an advanced primary-focus system made up of a 2.5 m f/2.48 concave primary mirror and a primary-focus assembly (PFA) consisting of five corrector lenses, atmospheric dispersion corrector (ADC), filters, and the focal-plane instrument. For zenith angles from 0 to 60 degrees, 80% of the polychromatic diffracted energy falls within a 0.35 arcsec diameter. The optical design also highlights an enhanced transmission in the UV bands. The total optical transmission reaches 23.5% at 320 nm, allowing unique science goals in the U band. Other features include low distortion and ease of baffling against stray lights, etc. The focal-plane instrument is a 0.9 gigapixel mosaic CCD camera comprising 9 pieces of 10K×10K CCD chips. An active optics system (AOS) is used to maintain runtime image quality. Various design aspects of the WFST including the optical design, active optics, mirror supports, and the focal-plane instrument are discussed in detail.
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Zheng Lou, Ming Liang, Dazhi Yao, Xianzhong Zheng, Jingquan Cheng, Hairen Wang, Wei Liu, Yuan Qian, Haibin Zhao, Ji Yang, "Optical design study of the Wide Field Survey Telescope (WFST)", Proc. SPIE 10154, Advanced Optical Design and Manufacturing Technology and Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, 101542A (19 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2248371; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2248371
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