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19 October 2016 An endoscope designed with 3D measurement functions
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Proceedings Volume 10155, Optical Measurement Technology and Instrumentation; 101550N (2016)
Event: International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2016, 2016, Beijing, China
The endoscopic system is widely used in medical and industrial areas, but how to realize the high-precision three-dimensional measurement in the limited space scale still faces many challenges. A method based on the four-step phase-shifting structured light illumination is proposed in this paper for endoscopic 3D measurements. Structured light of which the adjacent phase shift is 90 degrees is generated by the different parts of the time-sharing lighting stripe grating of the optical fiber bundle; CMOS camera is used to collect four structured light images with the phase shift. Finally, the method of four-step phase-shifting is used to demodulate 3D information from the images, and a relative measurement accuracy of 95% within the range of 15-200mm can be obtained. The endoscope with a field of view of 90 degrees, a image resolution of 1280 * 800 and 3D depth calculation time of 0.2 seconds has advantages of simple structure, large field of view, high accuracy and good real-time measurement.
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Qi-hai Zhu, Zheng-lin Li, Li-qiang Wang, Chang-Ming Zhao, and Peng Xu "An endoscope designed with 3D measurement functions", Proc. SPIE 10155, Optical Measurement Technology and Instrumentation, 101550N (19 October 2016);

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