Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with their vast differentiation potential are very useful for cell-based regenerative medicine. To achieve sufficient numbers of cells for tissue engineering, many different methods have been used to reach the effective increase of cell proliferation. Low-energy red light provided by light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been recently introduced as a method that promoted biomodulation and proliferation of hMSCs in vitro. The purpose of this study was to find the optimum stimulatory dosimetric parameters of LED (630 nm) irradiation on the hMSCs proliferation. The energy density was 2, 3, 4, 10, 20 J/cm2 and the power density used was 7, 17 or 30 mW/cm2. Human MSCs were irradiated with single or triple exposures daily at room temperature and the cell proliferation rate was evaluated during nine days after irradiation. The results showed that after irradiation 4 J/cm2 and 17 mW/cm2 at a single dose the proliferation rate of hMSCs increased on day 5 and 9 (13% and 7%, respectively) when compared to nonirradiated cells. However, triple LED irradiation under the same parameters resulted in the decline in the cell proliferation rate on day 5, but the proliferation rate was at the same level on day 9, when compared with the cell proliferation after irradiation with a single dose. The effect of a single dose irradiation with 4 J/cm2 and 17 mW/cm2 on the proliferation of cells was the highest when the cells were irradiated in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) instead of MSCGM culture medium.