10 November 2016 Thermal heat-balance mode flow-to-frequency converter
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Proceedings Volume 10161, 14th International Conference on Optical and Electronic Sensors; 101610W (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2243598
Event: 14th International Conference on Optical and Electronic Sensors, 2016, Gdansk, Poland
This paper presents new type of thermal flow converter with the pulse frequency output. The integrating properties of the temperature sensor have been used, which allowed for realization of pulse frequency modulator with thermal feedback loop, stabilizing temperature of sensor placed in the flowing medium. The system assures balancing of heat amount supplied in impulses to the sensor and heat given up by the sensor in a continuous way to the flowing medium. Therefore the frequency of output impulses is proportional to the heat transfer coefficient from sensor to environment. According to the King’s law, the frequency of those impulses is a function of medium flow velocity around the sensor. The special feature of presented solution is total integration of thermal sensor with the measurement signal conditioning system. Sensor and conditioning system are not the separate elements of the measurement circuit, but constitute a whole in form of thermal heat-balance mode flow-to-frequency converter. The advantage of such system is easiness of converting the frequency signal to the digital form, without using any additional analogue-to-digital converters. The frequency signal from the converter may be directly connected to the microprocessor input, which with use of standard built-in counters may convert the frequency into numerical value of high precision. Moreover, the frequency signal has higher resistance to interference than the voltage signal and may be transmitted to remote locations without the information loss.
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Eligiusz Pawlowski, "Thermal heat-balance mode flow-to-frequency converter", Proc. SPIE 10161, 14th International Conference on Optical and Electronic Sensors, 101610W (10 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2243598; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2243598

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