The experimental and numerical investigations were performed on two rectangular samples of two glass fibre reinforced composite elements bonded together using an adhesive commonly used in the bonding or repair of aircraft elements. Moisture contamination due to diffusion process changes the volumetric properties of the material induced strain. This strain was measured by FBG sensors embedded in the adhesive layer parallel to the main axis of the sample. The behaviour of the adhesive layer in the analysed sample was also modelled using the finite element commercial code ABAQUS.
Numerical and experimental results confirm the utility of FBG sensors for moisture detection in the adhesive layer even when the amount of moisture is around 2% of the sample weight.