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3 May 2017 Matched illumination waveform design for enhanced tunnel detection
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One promising technique for improving tunnel detection is the use of spotlight synthetic aperture radar (SL-SAR) in conjunction with focusing techniques. Still, clutter arises from surface variations while severe attenuation of the target signal occurs due to the dielectric properties of the soil. To combat these ill-effects, this work aims to improve imaging and detection of underground tunnels by examining the feasibility of matched illumination waveform design for tunnel detection applications. The tunnel impulse response is incorporated in an optimum waveform derivation scheme which aims to maximize the signal-to-interference and noise ratio (SINR) at the receiver output. Numerical electromagnetic simulations are used to consider wave propagation in realistic soil scenarios which include uniform and non-uniform moisture profiles. It is demonstrated that by considering matched illumination waveforms for transmission in SL-SAR systems, an improvement in the detection and imaging capabilities is achieved through enhanced SINR.
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Steven R. Price, Carey D. Price, and Clay B. Blount "Matched illumination waveform design for enhanced tunnel detection", Proc. SPIE 10182, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XXII, 101821I (3 May 2017);

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