22 May 2017 Temporal monitoring of vessels activity using day/night band in Suomi NPP on South China Sea
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Abstract
In this research, we focus on vessel detection using the satellite imagery of day/night band (DNB) on Suomi NPP in order to monitor the change of vessel activity on the region of South China Sea. In this paper, we consider the relation between the temporal change of vessel activities and the events on maritime environment based on the vessel traffic density estimation using DNB. DNB is a moderate resolution (350-700m) satellite imagery but can detect the fishing light of fishery boats in night time for every day. The advantage of DNB is the continuous monitoring on wide area compared to another vessel detection and locating system. However, DNB gave strong influence of cloud and lunar refection. Therefore, we additionally used Brightness Temperature at 3.7μm(BT3.7) for cloud information. In our previous research, we construct an empirical vessel detection model that based on the DNB contrast and the estimation of cloud condition using BT3.7. Moreover, we proposed a vessel traffic density estimation method based on empirical model. In this paper, we construct the time temporal density estimation map on South China Sea and East China Sea in order to extract the knowledge from vessel activities change.
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Takashi Yamaguchi, Ichio Asanuma, Jong Geol Park, Kenneth J. Mackin, John Mittleman, "Temporal monitoring of vessels activity using day/night band in Suomi NPP on South China Sea", Proc. SPIE 10186, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring IX, 101860K (22 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2260869; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2260869
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