Currently, wireless hydroacoustic modems are actively being developed, which are used to provide efficient data transmission in the hydroacoustic channel. Such kind of developments are relevant for today, as they are used in various fields of science and fields of activity. An example is the connection with underwater vehicles for scientific, research, search and rescue purposes. Development of this kind of communication systems (modems) is a difficult task, as signal propagation is affected by various factors. As a result, the transfer characteristic changes with time, thereby imposing restrictions on the acoustic communication channel. In this regard, the researchers began the task of further study sonar environment and get a detailed mathematical description of the underwater channel. For this, a huge number of field tests were conducted, aimed at studying the underwater acoustic environment. However, the results of the research are always limited by the conditions in which the test took place. Therefore, it is not always possible to apply these results to the required conditions. All of the above features do not allow you to create some kind of a commonly accepted model for the acoustic channel, as studies based on experiments, collected in localized environments without generalizations. This paper presents, the three-dimensional model of the sonar channel for MIMO systems in the coastal zone, based on the acoustic signal propagation characteristics in the presence of multiple paths, the influence of the Doppler effect (as a result of mobile and / or base station traffic), in terms of signal attenuation, receiver characteristics influence and Transmitting antenna, etc.