18 May 2017 Direct-write 3D printing of composite materials with magnetically aligned discontinuous reinforcement
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Abstract
Three-dimensional (3D) printing of fiber reinforced composites represents an enabling technology that may bring toughness and specific strength to complex parts. Recently, direct-write 3D printing has been offered as a promising route to manufacturing fiber reinforced composites that show high specific strength. These approaches primarily rely on the use of shear-alignment during the extrusion process to align fibers along the printing direction. Shear alignment prevents fibers from being oriented along principle stress directions of the final designed part. This paper describes a new direct-write style 3D printing system that incorporates magnetic fields to actively control the orientation of reinforcing fibers during the printing of fiber reinforced composites. Such a manufacturing system is fraught with complications from the high shear dominated alignment experienced by the fibers during extrusion to the slow magnetic alignment dynamics of fibers in viscous media. Here we characterize these issues and suggest effective operating windows in which magnetic alignment is a viable approach to orienting reinforcing particles during direct-write 3D printing.
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Joshua J. Martin, Andrew Caunter, Amy Dendulk, Scott Goodrich, Ryan Pembroke, Dan Shores, Randall M. Erb, "Direct-write 3D printing of composite materials with magnetically aligned discontinuous reinforcement", Proc. SPIE 10194, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications IX, 101941I (18 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2263215; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2263215
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