5 May 2017 Improvements to an earth observing statistical performance model with applications to LWIR spectral variability
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Abstract
Hyperspectral remote sensing systems provide spectral data composed of hundreds of narrow spectral bands. Spectral remote sensing systems can be used to identify targets, for example, without physical interaction. Often it is of interested to characterize the spectral variability of targets or objects. The purpose of this paper is to identify and characterize the LWIR spectral variability of targets based on an improved earth observing statistical performance model, known as the Forecasting and Analysis of Spectroradiometric System Performance (FASSP) model.

FASSP contains three basic modules including a scene model, sensor model and a processing model. Instead of using mean surface reflectance only as input to the model, FASSP transfers user defined statistical characteristics of a scene through the image chain (i.e., from source to sensor). The radiative transfer model, MODTRAN, is used to simulate the radiative transfer based on user defined atmospheric parameters. To retrieve class emissivity and temperature statistics, or temperature / emissivity separation (TES), a LWIR atmospheric compensation method is necessary. The FASSP model has a method to transform statistics in the visible (ie., ELM) but currently does not have LWIR TES algorithm in place. This paper addresses the implementation of such a TES algorithm and its associated transformation of statistics.
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Runchen Zhao, Emmett J. Ientilucci, "Improvements to an earth observing statistical performance model with applications to LWIR spectral variability", Proc. SPIE 10198, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XXIII, 101980N (5 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2263575; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2263575
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