24 March 1989 Glasses As Active Materials For High Average Power Solid State Lasers
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 1021, High Power Solid State Lasers; (1989); doi: 10.1117/12.950071
Event: 1988 International Congress on Optical Science and Engineering, 1988, Hamburg, Germany
Abstract
The active material is one of the crucial components of high average power solid state lasers. The maximum average power of present-day commercial solid state lasers is in the order of 1 kW. Several kW are expected to be available in the near future. In order to achieve this design objective, one has to understand which parameters of the active materials are responsible for the limitations of the maximum average power. As long as the lasers are pumped by flashlamps in a broad band, the most important limiting property is the maximum acceptable thermal stress due to temperature differences in the active solid material. Crystal-line active materials have an advantage as compared to laser glasses because of their larger coefficients of thermal conductivity and of their larger surface strength. On the other hand, active laser glasses can be produced in larger volumes and with better homogeneity than crystals. In addition, the surface strength of laser glasses can be increased by ion excange. In the paper, several possibilities especially with laser glasses will be discussed how the thermal load of the active material can be reduced in order to overcome the present limitations and to increase the maximum average power of solid state lasers.
© (1989) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hans J. Hoffmann, Joseph S. Hayden, "Glasses As Active Materials For High Average Power Solid State Lasers", Proc. SPIE 1021, High Power Solid State Lasers, (24 March 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.950071; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.950071
PROCEEDINGS
9 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Nd:YAG lasers

Solid state lasers

Ions

Laser glasses

Glasses

Thermal effects

Refractive index

RELATED CONTENT


Back to Top