1 May 2017 Specificity tests of an oligonucleotide probe against food-outbreak salmonella for biosensor detection
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Abstract
Phage based magneto-elastic (ME) biosensors have been shown to be able to rapidly detect Salmonella in various food systems to serve food pathogen monitoring purposes. In this ME biosensor platform, the free-standing strip-shaped magneto-elastic sensor is the transducer and the phage probe that recognizes Salmonella in food serves as the bio-recognition element. According to Sorokulova et al. at 2005, a developed oligonucleotide probe E2 was reported to have high specificity to Salmonella enterica Typhimurium. In the report, the specificity tests were focused in most of Enterobacterace groups outside of Salmonella family. Here, to understand the specificity of phage E2 to different Salmonella enterica serotypes within Salmonella Family, we further tested the specificity of the phage probe to thirty-two Salmonella serotypes that were present in the major foodborne outbreaks during the past ten years (according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). The tests were conducted through an Enzyme linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) format. This assay can mimic probe immobilized conditions on the magnetoelastic biosensor platform and also enable to study the binding specificity of oligonucleotide probes toward different Salmonella while avoiding phage/ sensor lot variations. Test results confirmed that this oligonucleotide probe E2 was high specific to Salmonella Typhimurium cells but showed cross reactivity to Salmonella Tennessee and four other serotypes among the thirty-two tested Salmonella serotypes.
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I.-H. Chen, I.-H. Chen, S. Horikawa, S. Horikawa, J. Xi, J. Xi, H. C. Wikle, H. C. Wikle, J. M. Barbaree, J. M. Barbaree, B. A. Chin, B. A. Chin, } "Specificity tests of an oligonucleotide probe against food-outbreak salmonella for biosensor detection", Proc. SPIE 10217, Sensing for Agriculture and Food Quality and Safety IX, 102170V (1 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2262738; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262738
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