5 January 2017 Laser paper cleaning: the method of cleaning historical books
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Proceedings Volume 10226, 19th International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications; 1022605 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262426
Event: International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics "Laser Physics and Applications" - ICSQE 2016, 2016, Sozopol, Bulgaria
Abstract
Conservation of cultural heritage treasures is the most important issue for transferring knowledge to the public through the next generation of students, academics, and researchers. Although this century is authenticating e-books and information by means of electronic text, still historical manuscripts as content as well as objects are the main original recourses of keeping a record of this transformation. The current work focuses on cleaning paper samples by the application of pulsed light, which is interventional. Experiments carried out using paper samples that are artificially colonized with Ulocladium chartarum. Paper is treated by Nd:YAG laser light. The available wavelength is 1064 nm, at various fluences, repetition rates and number of pulses. Two types of paper are stained with fungi colonies, which grow on substrates of clean paper, as well as on paper with ink text. The first type of paper is Whatman No.1056, which is closer to pure cellulose. The second type of paper is a page of a cultural heritage book published in 1926. Cleaning is performed using laser irradiation, thus defining the damage threshold of each sample. The treatment on paper Watman showed a yellowing, especially on areas with high concentration of fungi. The second sample was more durable to the exposure, performing the best results at higher fluences. Eventually, the paper samples are characterized, with optical microscopy and SEM/EDX analyses, prior to and after cleaning.
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Evangelini Zekou, Ioannis Tsilikas, Elias Chatzitheodoridis, Alexander A. Serafetinides, "Laser paper cleaning: the method of cleaning historical books", Proc. SPIE 10226, 19th International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, 1022605 (5 January 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2262426; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262426
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