5 January 2017 Autofluorescence polarization spectroscopy of cancerous and normal colorectal tissues
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Proceedings Volume 10226, 19th International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications; 1022618 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2264453
Event: International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics "Laser Physics and Applications" - ICSQE 2016, 2016, Sozopol, Bulgaria
Abstract
The wide spread of colorectal cancer and high mortality rate among the patients, brings it to a level of high public health concern. Implementation of standard endoscopic surveillance proves to be effective for reduction of colorectal cancer patients’ mortality, since its early diagnosis allows eradication of the disease prior to invasive cancer development, but its application in common clinical practice is still limited. Therefore the development of complimentary diagnostic techniques of the standard white-light endoscopy is on high demand. The non-invasive and highly informative nature of the fluorescence spectroscopy allow to use it as the most realistic prospect of an add-on “red flag” technique for early endoscopy detection of colorectal cancer.

Synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy (SFS) is a steady-state approach that is used for evaluation of specific fluorescence characteristics of cancerous colorectal tissues in our studies. The feasibility of polarization fluorescence technique to enhance the contrast between normal and cancerous tissues was investigated as well. Additional linear polarizing optics was used on the way of the excitation and emission fluorescence light beams. The polarizing effects were investigated in parallel and perpendicular linear polarization modes respectively. The excitation applied was in the region of 280 – 440 nm, with 10 nm scanning step, and the fluorescence emission was detected in the region of 300 – 800 nm.

Our previous experience with SFS technique showed its great potential for accurate, highly sensitive and specific discrimination between cancerous and normal colorectal tissue. Since one of the major sources of endogenous fluorescence with diagnostic meaning is the structural protein — collagen, which is characterized with high anisotropy, we’ve expected and observed an enhancement of the spectral differences between cancerous and normal colorectal tissue, which could be beneficial for the colorectal tumour’ diagnostics using SFS.
© (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ts. Genova, Ts. Genova, E. Borisova, E. Borisova, N. Penkov, N. Penkov, B. Vladimirov, B. Vladimirov, I. Terziev, I. Terziev, Al. Zhelyazkova, Al. Zhelyazkova, L. Avramov, L. Avramov, } "Autofluorescence polarization spectroscopy of cancerous and normal colorectal tissues", Proc. SPIE 10226, 19th International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, 1022618 (5 January 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2264453; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2264453
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