In this report, mineral composition of rock samples including conglomerate, sandstone, and dolomite was analyzed by IR spectral imaging using QDIP focal plane arrays (FPAs) with a peak-responsivity wavelength of 6.5 μm (FPA 1) and 5.5 μm (FPA 2). The qualitative and quantitative analyses are presented, and the key factor that determines the quantitative precision is discussed. In the qualitative analysis, the luminance of the different components in the rock samples was compared in the image. In the FPA 1 images, the shell fossil in the conglomerate sample and the limestone in the sandstone sample were darker than the other parts of the rocks due to their low emittance at 6.5 μm. In contrast, the difference in the luminance is hardly observed in the FPA 2 images under the same conditions. In the quantitative analysis, the emittance of dolomite was measured. Ten points in the IR image were randomly selected and the average emittance was calculated. The obtained emittances were 0.544±0.012 (FPA 1) and 0.941±0.019 (FPA 2), which means the coefficient of variation of the emittance measurement is ±2.1%~2.2%. By calculating the propagation of error, the precision of thermocouples for monitoring the temperature of the rocks in the calibration contributes most significantly (73%) to the total error.