20 June 2017 A hard x-ray split-and-delay unit for the HED instrument at the European XFEL
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For the High Energy Density Instrument (HED) at the European XFEL a hard x-ray split-and-delay unit (SDU) is built covering photon energies in the range between 5 keV and 24 keV. This SDU enables time-resolved x-ray pump / x-ray probe experiments as well as sequential diffractive imaging on a femtosecond to picosecond time scale. The set-up is based on wavefront splitting that has successfully been implemented at an autocorrelator at FLASH. The x-ray FEL pulses will be split by a sharp edge of a silicon mirror coated with Mo/B4C and W/B4C multilayers. Both partial beams then pass variable delay lines. For different photon energies the angle of incidence onto the multilayer mirrors is adjusted in order to match the Bragg condition. Hence, maximum delays between +/- 1 ps at 24 keV and up to +/- 23 ps at 5 keV will be possible. Time-dependent wave-optics simulations are performed with Synchrotron Radiation Workshop (SRW) software. The XFEL radiation is simulated using the output of the time-dependent SASE code FAST. For the simulations diffraction on the edge of the beam-splitter as well as height and slope errors of all eight mirror surfaces are taken into account. The impact of these effects on the ability to focus the beam by means of compound refractive lenses (CRL) is analyzed.
© (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sebastian Roling, Sebastian Roling, Victor Kärcher, Victor Kärcher, Liubov Samoylova, Liubov Samoylova, Karen Appel, Karen Appel, Stefan Braun, Stefan Braun, Peter Gawlitza, Peter Gawlitza, Frank Siewert, Frank Siewert, Ulf Zastrau, Ulf Zastrau, Matthias Rollnik, Matthias Rollnik, Frank Wahlert, Frank Wahlert, Helmut Zacharias, Helmut Zacharias, "A hard x-ray split-and-delay unit for the HED instrument at the European XFEL", Proc. SPIE 10237, Advances in X-ray Free-Electron Lasers Instrumentation IV, 1023713 (20 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2265750; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2265750


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