5 January 2017 Design on compatible stealth photonic crystal of nearmiddle infrared and 1.06 μm laser
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Proceedings Volume 10244, International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics Technology and Application; 102441T (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2258169
Event: International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics Technology and Application, 2016, Shanghai, China
Abstract
In the near and middle infrared atmospheric window, infrared stealth material require a low absorptivity (which means a low emissivity according to Kirchhoff’s law of black body), at the same time, it also requires high absorptivity so as to decrease the reflectance at military laser wavelength of 1.06μm. Under this circumstances, compatible stealth of infrared and laser is an urgent demand, but the demand is ambivalent for conventional materials. Photonic crystal (PC), as a new type of artificial periodic structure function material, can realize broadband thermal infrared stealth based on its high-reflection photon forbidden band(also called photonic band gap). The high-reflection photon forbidden band of PC can be adjusted to near and middle infrared wave band through some rational methods. When a defect was added into the periodic structure of PC, a “hole-digging” reflection spectrum, which is high absorption at military laser wavelength of 1.06μm, can be achieved, so compatible stealth of near and middle infrared and military laser wavelength of 1.06μm can be achieved too.

In this paper, we selected near and middle infrared-transparent materials, Te and MgF2 , as high refractive index and low refractive index material respectively, and designed a one-dimensional one-defect-mode PC whose photon forbidden band was broadened to 1-5μm by constructing two photonic crystals into one. The optical property of the PC was calculated by Transfer matrix method(TMM) of thin-film optical theory, and the results shows that the as-designed PC has a high spectral reflectance in the near and middle infrared band, among which the reflectivity in 1.68μm∼5.26μm band reached more than 90%, and the 2.48∼5.07μm band even reached 99.99%. The result also shows that between the band gap of 1-5μm, there are one defect mode locating in the wavelength of 1.06μm, whose reflectance is below 0.70%, which means its spectral absorptivity is greater than 99.30%. All the above we have discussed proved that this “hole-digging spectrum” PC can realize the compatible stealth of near and middle infrared and 1.06μm military laser.
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Ji-kui Zhang, Ji-kui Zhang, Jia-Chun Wang, Jia-Chun Wang, Qi-Chao Wang, Qi-Chao Wang, } "Design on compatible stealth photonic crystal of nearmiddle infrared and 1.06 μm laser", Proc. SPIE 10244, International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics Technology and Application, 102441T (5 January 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2258169; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2258169
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