5 January 2017 Minimally invasive positioning robot system of femoral neck hollow screw implants based on x-ray error correction
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Proceedings Volume 10245, International Conference on Innovative Optical Health Science; 102450D (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2267286
Event: International Conference on Innovative Optical Health Science, 2016, Shanghai Everbright International Hotel, China
Abstract
Aiming the high failure rate, the high radiation quantity and the poor positioning accuracy of femoral neck traditional surgery, this article develops a set of new positioning robot system of femoral neck hollow screw implants based on X-rays error correction, which bases on the study of x-rays perspective principle and the Motion Principle of 6 DOF(degree of freedom) series robot UR(Universal Robots). Compared with Computer Assisted Navigation System, this system owns better positioning accuracy and more simple operation. In addition, without extra Equipment of Visual Tracking, this system can reduce a lot of cost. During the surgery, Doctor can plan the operation path and the pose of mark needle according to the positive and lateral X-rays images of patients. Then they can calculate the pixel ratio according to the ratio of the actual length of mark line and the length on image. After that, they can calculate the amount of exercise of UR Robot according to the relative position between operation path and guide pin and the fixed relationship between guide pin and UR robot. Then, they can control UR to drive the positioning guide pin to the operation path. At this point, check the positioning guide pin and the planning path is coincident, if not, repeat the previous steps, until the positioning guide pin and the planning path coincide which will eventually complete the positioning operation. Moreover, to verify the positioning accuracy, this paper make an errors analysis aiming to thirty cases of the experimental model of bone. The result shows that the motion accuracy of the UR Robot is 0.15mm and the Integral error precision is within 0.8mm. To verify the clinical feasibility of this system, this article analysis on three cases of the clinical experiment. In the whole process of positioning, the X-rays irradiation time is 2-3s, the number of perspective is 3-5 and the whole positioning time is 7-10min. The result shows that this system can complete accurately femoral neck positioning surgery. Meanwhile, it can greatly reduce the X-rays radiation of medical staff and patients. To summarize, it has a significant value in clinical application.
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Yunpeng Zou, Ying Xu, Lei Hu, Na Guo, Lifeng Wang, "Minimally invasive positioning robot system of femoral neck hollow screw implants based on x-ray error correction", Proc. SPIE 10245, International Conference on Innovative Optical Health Science, 102450D (5 January 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2267286; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2267286
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