Optical fiber coatings, such as polymeric, metallic and inorganic are routinely applied on fibers. Polymeric coatings, particularly ultraviolet (UV)-cured acrylate are extensively used in the telecommunication industries. Metallic coatings, such as tin coated fibers showed strength values near to the theoretical value of pure silica. Inorganic coatings, such as amorphous carbon coated fibers showed comparable strength and high fatigue resistance for using these fibers as a potential long term reliable fibers. A review of different optical coatings, current status and future direction is presented.