The concept of the Institutes for Advanced Optical Technologies developed out of SPIE’s desire to foster increased interaction and collaboration among researchers working in emerging optical technologies. The Institutes provide a forum for experts in these areas to analyze and document the state of the art and to point toward future trends and applications. Institute topics are selected for their timeliness as well as for their significance to future progress in the application of optics. Institute organizers invite selected experts to participate as paper contributors and discussion participants. It is intended that the interaction generated by the small-group structure in a retreat-like setting will foster productive discussions that are beyond the scope and possibility of a regular conference format.
Each Institute has two primary objectives: first, that the interactions and dialogue stimulate technical advancement, and second, that the publication of the Institute volume results in an authoritative collection of significant papers covering key topics in the field. While each editor and committee has unique criteria for determining the acceptability of contributions, it is intended that the Institute process itself will establish the worth and appropriateness of the individual contributions. Each contributor is asked to prepare a draft manuscript and circulate it to the other participants in advance of the Institute. The editor/chair organizes an agenda for discussing critical technical issues. The interactions and congenial discussions by the Institute members are the basis for the ensuing Institute volume. The final action of the Institute is to decide the scope of the volume and what material is to be included and what other material is to be added and by whom.
The Institute on photodynamic therapy, held January 19–21, 1990, in San Diego, addressed the future outlook and critical technical issues related to research and clinical development in PDT. The Institute forum gave the participants an opportunity to present and discuss in depth different approaches and expectations for the future development of PDT. It was especially fruitful to have the blend of technical interests represented by the participants—biochemists, clinicians, and engineers, all with a common interest in PDT.
This volume contains papers by the Institute participants and their research colleagues. Topics range from a review of the status of PDT clinical trials, studies into new photosensitizers, requirements in laser and fiber optic technologies for light delivery, to studies of the biological mechanisms behind PDT action.
Michael W. Berns
Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic University of California-Irvine 1002 Health Sciences Road East Irvine, CA 92715
Daniel R. Doiron
Laserguide, Inc. 51 Santa Felicia Drive Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Thomas J. Dougherty
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Department of Radiation Medicine 666 Elm Street Buffalo, NY 14263
Christopher S. Foote
University of California-Los Angeles Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Los Angeles, CA 90024
Francis P. Gasparro
Yale University Department of Dermatology Hunter Radiation Laboratory 333 Cedar Street New Haven, CT 06510
Charles J. Gomer
Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles USC School of Medicine 4650 Sunset Boulevard Los Angeles, CA 90027
Barbara W. Henderson
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Division of Radiation Biology Elm and Carlton Streets Buffalo, NY 14263
Wayne State University School of Medicine Departments of Pharmacology and Medicine 540 East Canfield Detroit, MI 48201
Julia G. Levy
Quadra Logic Technologies, Inc. 520 W. 6th Avenue Vancouver, British Columbia V52 4H5 Canada
Stuart L. Marcus
American Cyanamid Company Medical Research Division Lederle Laboratories North Middletown Road Pearl River, NY 10965
Alan R. Morgan
University of Toledo Department of Chemistry 2801 West Bancroft Street Toledo, OH 43606-3390
Allan R. Oseroff
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Department of Dermatology Elm and Carlton Streets Buffalo, NY 14263
Michael A. J. Rodgers
Bowling Green State University Center for Photochemical Sciences Bowling Green, OH 43403
Medical College of Wisconsin Department of Pediatrics 8701 Watertown Plank Road Milwaukee, WI 53226
Kevin M. Smith
University of California-Davis Department of Chemistry Davis, CA 95616
Richard C. Straight
University of Utah Laser Institute VAMC 500 Foothill Drive Salt Lake City, UT 84132
Lars O. Svaasand
University of Trondheim Norwegian Institute of Technology Trondheim, N-7034 Norway
Bruce J. Tromberg
Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic University of California-Irvine 1002 Health Sciences Road East Irvine, CA 92715-3054
Hubert van den Bergh
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Laboratory of Chemical Technology Lausanne, CH-1015 Switzerland
Johan E. van Lier
University of Sherbrooke Faculty of Medicine MRC Group in Radiological Sciences Sherbrooke, Quebec J 1 H 5N4 Canada
Brian C. Wilson
Hamilton Regional Cancer Center Department of Medical Physics 711 Concession Street Hamilton, Ontario L8V 1c3 Canada
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the treatment of malignant lesions with visible light following the systemic administration of tumor-localizing photosensitizers. The therapy takes advantage of the unique properties of laser-generated light sources and fiber optic delivery systems. Clinical applications of PDT in the treatment of solid tumors have a 15-year history, and a number of promising anecdotal studies have been reported. However, the first controlled Phase III clinical trials are only now being performed and the true potential of PDT has yet to be realized. Continued efforts to define photochemical and photophysical properties of photosensitizers used in PDT, as well as additional studies focused on identifying targets and mechanisms of action associated with PDT, should provide a solid foundation for understanding and exploiting the applications of this therapy. Likewise, the synthesis of new photosensitizers and the continued development of laser and dosimetry systems should play a significant role in the future refinement of PDT.
The goal of the SPIE Institute on Photodynamic Therapy was to provide an informal forum in which experts in various preclinical and clinical disciplines of PDT could debate current applications and future directions. As a result of this endeavor, the participants have written chapters for this book that provide new information on current research in PDT, as well as suggestions for future studies.
I’d like to thank Tom Dougherty, Barbara Henderson, and Lars Svaasand for their contributions as discussion leaders during the Institute, as well as all the participants for their contributions. I also thank Roy Potter for his support in bringing this Institute together. Finally, the financial assistance and organizational skills of SPIE are gratefully acknowledged. All of the participants express their sincere appreciation to SPIE and its staff for an extremely productive and enjoyable conference.
Charles J. Gomer
Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles
University of Southern California School of Medicine