1 November 1991 Front Matter: Volume 10307
Proceedings Volume 10307, Automatic Object Recognition; 1030701 (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2283642
Event: SPIE Institutes for Advanced Optical Technologies 7, 1991, Bellingham, Washington, United States
Abstract
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 10307, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, and Conference Committee listing.
Automatic Object Recognition

Institute Participants

Lloyd G. Clark

205 Allen Street Yellow Springs, OH 45387-1303

Paul Deitz

U.S. Army Ballistic Research Lab. ATTN: SLCBR-VL-V Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5066

Michael C. Haskett

U.S. Army CECOM Ctr. for Night Vision and Electro-Optics AMSEL-RD-NV-ISPD/APDT Ft. Belvoir, VA 22062

Terry L. Jones

U.S. Army Night Vision &. Electro-Optics Lab. DEL-NV-AC Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060-5001

Hatem N. Nasr

Honeywell Inc. Suite 1500 2525 Bay Area Boulevard Houston, TX 77058

Roy Potter

SPIE P.O. Box 10 Bellingham, WA 98227

Steven K. Rogers

Air Force Institute of Technology Dept, of E&.CE Bldg. 640, Area B., Rm. 218 Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-6583

Firooz A. Sadjadi

3400 Highcrest Road St. Anthony, MN 55418-1757

James W. Sherman

Environmental Research Institute of Michigan Image Processing Technology Lab. P.O. Box 8618 Ann Arbor, MI 48107-8618

Lee A. Slutz

Booz-Allen &. Hamilton, Inc. 1725 Jefferson Davis Hwy #1100 Arlington, VA 22202

Stephen R. Stewart

Environmental Research Institute of Michigan P.O. Box 8618 Ann Arbor, MI 48107-8618

William F. Tatum

2400 Rockbrook Ct. Plano, TX 75074-4672

Edwin C. Thiede

Honeywell Inc. MN38-2100 10400 Yellow Circle Dr. Minnetonka, MN 55343

Vincent J. Velten

Wright Research and Development Ctr. ATR Branch AARA Wright Patterson AFB, OH 45433

Clarence P. Walters

U.S. Army Ctr. for Night Vision and Electro-Optics ATTN: AMSEL-RD-NV-V-LET Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060

Marshall R. Weathersby

Nichols Research Corp. 3007 Barcody Road Huntsville, AL 35802

Edmund G. Zelnio

Wright Research & Development Ctr. Target Recognition Branch WRDC/AARA Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-6543

Introduction

Automatic object recognition (AOR) is a challenging field which has been evolving over decades. The application areas span many domains such as robotics inspection, medical imaging, military targeting, and reconnaissance. Some of the most concentrated efforts in AOR have been in the military domain, where most of the problems deal with recognition of targets and scene analysis in the outdoors using a variety of sensors; the papers presented in this Institute were consequently more focused on military applications. However, the progress reported in the papers goes beyond their military domain and has unquestionably a variety of other applications.

In this SPIE Institute we gathered some expert and well-informed individuals on the subject of AOR and discussed some of the advances, issues, and trends in the field. The papers, as well as the discussions during the Institute, focused on many subjects, including model-based approaches, modeling, evaluation, neural networks, real-time systems, and technology evolution.

AOR techniques initially relied on statistical pattern recognition methods, which have shown their limitations. Artificial intelligence techniques have been widely investigated and have shown to be promising. Neural-network applications have also been emerging and have shown some promise. During the Institute, neural-net applications were discussed with the emphasis on their effectiveness in solving vision problems. Model-based object recognition appears to be one of the most promising paradigms, and it is the focus of attention of many researchers in the field. During the Institute, the model-based paradigm provoked many interesting discussions and challenging questions about the general problem of machine vision.

Among the most challenging issues in model-based recognition has been object modeling and the phenomenology of the scene, which were also widely discussed topics. Phenomenology studies have proven to be extremely critical, especially in certain sensor domains such as infrared, where the object signature can significantly vary because of the environment and object-state parameters. Because phenomenology studies have transformed AOR discipline from an art to a near-science, researchers are now looking more closely at the fundamental physical laws behind a given object signature. AOR system and algorithm evaluation has been another area of active research and development. Evaluation of AOR systems has proven to be a complex task due to the complexity and enormous variation of the signal/image data, among many other reasons. The evaluation topic was also discussed, especially in its relation to robust systems development.

Hatem Nasr

Honeywell Inc.

© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
"Front Matter: Volume 10307", Proc. SPIE 10307, Automatic Object Recognition, 1030701 (1 November 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.2283642; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2283642
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