29 August 2017 Medical x-ray imaging with scattered photons
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Proceedings Volume 10313, Opto-Canada: SPIE Regional Meeting on Optoelectronics, Photonics, and Imaging; 103133L (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2283925
Event: Opto-Canada: SPIE Regional Meeting on Optoelectronics, Photonics, and Imaging, 2002, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Abstract
All medical x-ray imaging today is done using the transmitted photons, i.e., those x-ray quanta which do not suffer any interaction within the patient. An alternative is to use the more plentiful scattered photons. Backscatter is almost entirely Compton (incoherent) scatter, which is principally sensitive to the number of electrons per unit volume. Forward scatter is dominated by coherent scatter, which is the basis of x-ray diffraction. Its cross section varies with angle and photon energy in a material-specific manner, even for amorphous materials. The dependence on Z and chemical structure allows it to be very useful in distinguishing tissues within the patient. Many workers have demonstrated utilization of both types of scatter in the lab, but it has been difficult to compare the performance of these systems with conventional transmission imaging. Therefore, we devised a semi-analytic model of scatter imaging. Our calculations predict that for some imaging tasks the contrast and signal-to-noise ratio achieved by collecting a portion of the scatter (in an annular cone) will be superior to that achieved by conventional transmission imaging, for the same number of photons incident on the patient. Our analysis is reliant on the limited published data for coherent scattering for biological materials.
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Paul C. Johns, Paul C. Johns, } "Medical x-ray imaging with scattered photons", Proc. SPIE 10313, Opto-Canada: SPIE Regional Meeting on Optoelectronics, Photonics, and Imaging, 103133L (29 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2283925; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2283925
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