23 April 2017 Highly sensitive gas refractometer based on inverse mode-coupling of cladding-to-core modes in a tapered four-core fiber
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Proceedings Volume 10323, 25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors; 103231U (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262273
Event: 25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 2017, Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Abstract
A highly sensitive gas refractometer based on inverse mode-coupling is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensor has a sandwiched configuration that a tapered four-core fiber is spliced between two standard single mode fibers. In the tapered four-core fiber, inverse mode-coupling from cladding modes to core modes leads to enhanced cladding modes and evanescent fields. The unique waveguide structure (multiple cores arranged close to the fiber cladding) of the four-core fiber enables multiple core modes to sense refractive index change after tapering. The abrupt taper also acts as a bridge between surround refractive index and interference modes (including both cladding and core modes). For the carbon dioxide refractive index (close to 1.0) measurement, the sensor presents a high sensitivity of 922.32 dB/refractive index unit without cross-sensitivity of temperature.
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Zhihua Shao, Zhihua Shao, Xueguang Qiao, Xueguang Qiao, Qiangzhou Rong, Qiangzhou Rong, } "Highly sensitive gas refractometer based on inverse mode-coupling of cladding-to-core modes in a tapered four-core fiber", Proc. SPIE 10323, 25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 103231U (23 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2262273; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262273
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