23 April 2017 Relative humidity sensor based on a few-mode microfiber knot resonator by mitigating group index difference
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Proceedings Volume 10323, 25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors; 103232Y (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2263972
Event: 25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 2017, Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Abstract
A few-mode microfiber knot resonator (FM-MKR) incorporating a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is investigated for measurement of relative humidity (RH). Two modes, such as HE11 and HE12, are excited and interfered in a nonadiabatically tapered structure of the single-mode fiber (SMF). After making a tie with the few-mode microfiber, the FM-MKR is fabricated. In the FM-MKR, two modes, such as HE11 and HE12, must be circulated within the optical knot and cross-coupled independently with a phase delay. By optimizing the diameter of the microfiber, the difference of group effective refractive indices between two modes is dramatically suppressed resulting in the improvement of RH sensitivity of the proposed FM-MKR.
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Duy Duong Anh Le, Seungmin Lee, Young-Geun Han, "Relative humidity sensor based on a few-mode microfiber knot resonator by mitigating group index difference", Proc. SPIE 10323, 25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 103232Y (23 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2263972; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2263972
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