26 June 2017 Reduction of phase singularities in a speckle Michelson setup
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Abstract
Speckle interferometry is an optical metrology technique for characterizing rough surfaces. In one application, the deformation of a specimen under a load may be determined by comparing measurements before and after the load is applied. Owing to the surface roughness, however, the results are impaired by phase singularities, leading to a strong noise in the measurement results. Usually, filtering and smoothing operations are performed to reduce the noise. However, these procedures also affect the underlying systematic phase and are therefore disadvantageous. Instead, we examine incoherent averaging, a physical procedure, to reduce the number of phase singularities in the first place. We tailor the spatial coherence of the light using extended light sources of continuous or multipoint shape, achieving smoother phase distributions. The mechanism behind the reduction process involves subtle effects like enhancing phase singularity correlations in the fields before and after the deformation takes place.
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K. Mantel, V. Nercissian, "Reduction of phase singularities in a speckle Michelson setup", Proc. SPIE 10329, Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection X, 103291N (26 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2269429; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2269429
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