26 June 2017 Analysis on optical heterodyne frequency error of full-field heterodyne interferometer
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The full-field heterodyne interferometric measurement technology is beginning better applied by employing low frequency heterodyne acousto-optical modulators instead of complex electro-mechanical scanning devices. The optical element surface could be directly acquired by synchronously detecting the received signal phases of each pixel, because standard matrix detector as CCD and CMOS cameras could be used in heterodyne interferometer. Instead of the traditional four-step phase shifting phase calculating, Fourier spectral analysis method is used for phase extracting which brings lower sensitivity to sources of uncertainty and higher measurement accuracy. In this paper, two types of full-field heterodyne interferometer are described whose advantages and disadvantages are also specified.

Heterodyne interferometer has to combine two different frequency beams to produce interference, which brings a variety of optical heterodyne frequency errors. Frequency mixing error and beat frequency error are two different kinds of inescapable heterodyne frequency errors. In this paper, the effects of frequency mixing error to surface measurement are derived. The relationship between the phase extraction accuracy and the errors are calculated.
:: The tolerance of the extinction ratio of polarization splitting prism and the signal-to-noise ratio of stray light is given. The error of phase extraction by Fourier analysis that caused by beat frequency shifting is derived and calculated. We also propose an improved phase extraction method based on spectrum correction. An amplitude ratio spectrum correction algorithm with using Hanning window is used to correct the heterodyne signal phase extraction. The simulation results show that this method can effectively suppress the degradation of phase extracting caused by beat frequency error and reduce the measurement uncertainty of full-field heterodyne interferometer.
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Yang Li, Yang Li, Wenxi Zhang, Wenxi Zhang, Zhou Wu, Zhou Wu, Xiaoyu Lv, Xiaoyu Lv, Xinxin Kong, Xinxin Kong, Xiaoli Guo, Xiaoli Guo, } "Analysis on optical heterodyne frequency error of full-field heterodyne interferometer", Proc. SPIE 10329, Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection X, 103293O (26 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2270080; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2270080

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