26 June 2017 Rigorous accuracy assessment for 3D reconstruction using time-series Dual Fluoroscopy (DF) image pairs
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Abstract
High-speed biplanar videoradiography, or clinically referred to as dual fluoroscopy (DF), imaging systems are being used increasingly for skeletal kinematics analysis. Typically, a DF system comprises two X-ray sources, two image intensifiers and two high-speed video cameras. The combination of these elements provides time-series image pairs of articulating bones of a joint, which permits the measurement of bony rotation and translation in 3D at high temporal resolution (e.g., 120-250 Hz). Assessment of the accuracy of 3D measurements derived from DF imaging has been the subject of recent research efforts by several groups, however with methodological limitations. This paper presents a novel and simple accuracy assessment procedure based on using precise photogrammetric tools. We address the fundamental photogrammetry principles for the accuracy evaluation of an imaging system. Bundle adjustment with selfcalibration is used for the estimation of the system parameters. The bundle adjustment calibration uses an appropriate sensor model and applies free-network constraints and relative orientation stability constraints for a precise estimation of the system parameters. A photogrammetric intersection of time-series image pairs is used for the 3D reconstruction of a rotating planar object. A point-based registration method is used to combine the 3D coordinates from the intersection and independently surveyed coordinates. The final DF accuracy measure is reported as the distance between 3D coordinates from image intersection and the independently surveyed coordinates. The accuracy assessment procedure is designed to evaluate the accuracy over the full DF image format and a wide range of object rotation. Experiment of reconstruction of a rotating planar object reported an average positional error of 0.44 ± 0.2 mm in the derived 3D coordinates (minimum 0.05 and maximum 1.2 mm).
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Kaleel Al-Durgham, Kaleel Al-Durgham, Derek D. Lichti, Derek D. Lichti, Gregor Kuntze, Gregor Kuntze, Janet Ronsky, Janet Ronsky, } "Rigorous accuracy assessment for 3D reconstruction using time-series Dual Fluoroscopy (DF) image pairs", Proc. SPIE 10332, Videometrics, Range Imaging, and Applications XIV, 1033203 (26 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2270115; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2270115
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