26 June 2017 Structured illumination 3D microscopy using adaptive lenses and multimode fibers
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Proceedings Volume 10335, Digital Optical Technologies 2017; 1033519 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2270301
Event: SPIE Digital Optical Technologies, 2017, Munich, Germany
Abstract
Microscopic techniques with high spatial and temporal resolution are required for in vivo studying biological cells and tissues. Adaptive lenses exhibit strong potential for fast motion-free axial scanning. However, they also lead to a degradation of the achievable resolution because of aberrations. This hurdle can be overcome by digital optical technologies. We present a novel High-and-Low-frequency (HiLo) 3D-microscope using structured illumination and an adaptive lens. Uniform illumination is used to obtain optical sectioning for the high-frequency (Hi) components of the image, and nonuniform illumination is needed to obtain optical sectioning for the low-frequency (Lo) components of the image. Nonuniform illumination is provided by a multimode fiber. It ensures robustness against optical aberrations of the adaptive lens. The depth-of-field of our microscope can be adjusted a-posteriori by computational optics. It enables to create flexible scans, which compensate for irregular axial measurement positions. The adaptive HiLo 3D-microscope provides an axial scanning range of 1 mm with an axial resolution of about 4 microns and sub-micron lateral resolution over the full scanning range. In result, volumetric measurements with high temporal and spatial resolution are provided. Demonstration measurements of zebrafish embryos with reporter gene-driven fluorescence in the thyroid gland are presented.
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Jürgen Czarske, Jürgen Czarske, Katrin Philipp, Katrin Philipp, Nektarios Koukourakis, Nektarios Koukourakis, } "Structured illumination 3D microscopy using adaptive lenses and multimode fibers", Proc. SPIE 10335, Digital Optical Technologies 2017, 1033519 (26 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2270301; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2270301
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