25 August 2017 Reversible intercalation of lithium and sodium ions into layered and tunnel structured manganese oxides: one-dimensional versus two-dimensional diffusion
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Abstract
Two manganese oxides built from MnO6 octahedra arranged in layered (Mg-BUS) and tunnel (Mg-TOD) crystal structures are tested for their performance in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries. The layered Mg-BUS consists of an open layered structure with 2D diffusion pathways for charge-carrying ions, while the Mg-TOD is built from structural tunnels (1D diffusion pathways) with the same height as the interlayer spacing in Mg-BUS. Benefiting from the similar chemical composition and crystal structure dimensions of these two materials, we study the role of diffusion channel geometry in reversible ion intercalation/deintercalation. It was found that in both Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, the two materials have similar initial capacities of ~120-130 mAh g-1. The Mg-TOD demonstrated superior cycling stability in both battery systems, indicating the tunnel structure is advantageous for extended cycling. Rate performance experiments show that in Na-ion batteries, Mg-BUS maintains a higher capacity at higher current rates, suggesting the layered structure allows for more facile diffusion of the larger and heavier Na+ ions. Thus, these results indicate that the tunnel walls, while impeding ion diffusion for the larger Na+ ions, provide structural stability during electrochemical cycling, a finding which can help guide the design of electrode materials for intercalation-based batteries.
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Bryan W. Byles, Ekaterina Pomerantseva, "Reversible intercalation of lithium and sodium ions into layered and tunnel structured manganese oxides: one-dimensional versus two-dimensional diffusion", Proc. SPIE 10349, Low-Dimensional Materials and Devices 2017, 103490G (25 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2274436; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274436
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