29 August 2017 Electrical characteristics of Graphene based Field Effect Transistor (GFET) biosensor for ADH detection
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Abstract
First pristine graphene was successfully produced by mechanical exfoliation and electrically characterized in 2004 by Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov at University of Manchester. Since its discovery in 2004, graphene also known as ‘super’ material that has enticed many researchers and engineers to explore its potential in ultrasensitive detection of analytes in biosensing applications. Among myriad reported sensors, biosensors based on field effect transistors (FETs) have attracted much attention. Thus, implementing graphene as conducting channel material hastens the opportunities for production of ultrasensitive biosensors for future device applications. Herein, we have reported electrical characteristics of graphene based field effect transistor (GFET) for ADH detection. GFET was modelled and simulated using Lumerical DEVICE charge transport solver (DEVICE CT). Electrical characteristics comprising of transfer and output characteristics curves are reported in this study. The device shows ambipolar curve and achieved a minimum conductivity of 0.23912 e5A at Dirac point. However, the curve shifts to the left and introduces significant changes in the minimum conductivity as drain voltage is increased. Output characteristics of GFET exhibits linear Id - Vd dependence characteristics for gate voltage ranging from 0 to 1.5 V. In addition, behavior of electrical transport through GFET was analyzed for various simulation temperatures. It clearly proves that the electrical transport in GFET is dependent on the simulation temperature as it may vary the maximum resistance in channel of the device. Therefore, this unique electrical characteristics of GFET makes it as a promising candidate for ultrasensitive detection of small biomolecules such as ADH in biosensing applications.
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Reena Sri Selvarajan, Reena Sri Selvarajan, Azrul Azlan Hamzah, Azrul Azlan Hamzah, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis, } "Electrical characteristics of Graphene based Field Effect Transistor (GFET) biosensor for ADH detection", Proc. SPIE 10352, Biosensing and Nanomedicine X, 103520T (29 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273759; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2273759
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