In this paper, we provide a short overview of efforts to process information with spin as a state variable. We highlight initial efforts in spintronics where devices concepts such as spinwaves, field coupled nanomagnets, etc. were are considered as vehicles for processing information. We also highlight more recent work where spintronic logic and memory devices are considered in the context of information processing hardware for the internet of things (IoT), and where the ability to constantly "checkpoint" processor state can support computing in environments with unreliable power supplies.
X. Sharon Hu,
"Challenges and opportunities with spin-based logic", Proc. SPIE 10357, Spintronics X, 103570M (5 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2274131; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274131