6 September 2017 Skyrmions in magnetic multilayers: chirality, electrical detection and current-induced motion
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Abstract
Sub-100-nm skyrmions are stabilized in magnetic metallic multilayers and observed using transmission electron microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, scanning transmission X-ray microscopy and X-ray resonant magnetic scattering. All these advanced imaging techniques demonstrate the presence of 'pure' Neel skyrmion textures with a determined chirality. Combining these observations with electrical measurements allows us to demonstrate reproducible skyrmion nucleation using current pulses, and measure their contribution to the transverse resistivity to detect them electrically. Once nucleated, skyrmions can be moved using charge currents. We find predominantly a creep-like regime, characterized by disordered skyrmion motion, as observed by atomic force microscopy and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. These observations are explained qualitatively and to some extent quantitatively by the presence of crystalline grains of about 20nm lateral size with a distribution of magnetic properties.
Conference Presentation
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Nicolas Reyren, Nicolas Reyren, Karim Bouzehouane, Karim Bouzehouane, Jean-Yves Chauleau, Jean-Yves Chauleau, Sophie Collin, Sophie Collin, Albert Fert, Albert Fert, Simone Finizio, Simone Finizio, Karin Garcia, Karin Garcia, Sean Hughes, Sean Hughes, Nicolas Jaouen, Nicolas Jaouen, William Legrand, William Legrand, Davide Maccariello, Davide Maccariello, Samuel McFadzean, Samuel McFadzean, Stephen McVitie, Stephen McVitie, Christoforos Moutafis, Christoforos Moutafis, Horia Popescu, Horia Popescu, Jörg Raabe, Jörg Raabe, C. A. F. Vaz, C. A. F. Vaz, Vincent Cros, Vincent Cros, } "Skyrmions in magnetic multilayers: chirality, electrical detection and current-induced motion", Proc. SPIE 10357, Spintronics X, 1035724 (6 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2275058; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2275058
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