25 August 2017 Up-scaling perovskite solar cell manufacturing from sheet-to-sheet to roll-to-roll: challenges and solutions
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Organometallic halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are extremely promising novel materials for thin-film photovoltaics, exhibiting efficiencies over 22% on glass and over 17% on foil 1, 2 . First, a sheet-to-sheet (S2S) production of PSCs and modules on 152x152 mm2 substrates was established, using a combination of sputtering, e-beam evaporation, slot die coating and thermal evaporation (average PCE of 14.6 ± 1.3 % over 64 devices, more than 10% initial PCE on modules). Later the steps towards a roll-to-roll production will be investigated, starting from the optimization of the stack to make it compatible with a faster production at low temperature. A water based SnOx nanoparticles dispersion was used as solution processable ETL, and the deposition process was scaled-up from spin coating to R2R slot die coating on a 300 mm wide roll of PET/ITO. R2R production is often carried out in ambient atmosphere and involve the use of large volumes of materials, thus a first point is the development of a green solvent and precursor system for the perovskite layer to prevent the emission of toxic compound in the environment. The first results on device fabrication are encouraging, which allow partial R2R manufacturing of flexible PSC (R2R coating of SnOx and perovskite, S2S for Spiro-OMeTAD and gold) with stabilized PCE of 12.6%, a remarkable value for these novel devices. This result can be considered an important milestone towards the production of efficient, low cost, lightweight, flexible PSC on large area.
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Francesco Di Giacomo, Francesco Di Giacomo, Yulia Galagan, Yulia Galagan, Santhosh Shanmugam, Santhosh Shanmugam, Harrie Gorter, Harrie Gorter, Fieke van den Bruele, Fieke van den Bruele, Gerwin Kirchner, Gerwin Kirchner, Ike de Vries, Ike de Vries, Henri Fledderus, Henri Fledderus, Herbert Lifka, Herbert Lifka, Sjoerd Veenstra, Sjoerd Veenstra, Tom Aernouts, Tom Aernouts, Pim Groen, Pim Groen, Ronn Andrissen, Ronn Andrissen, } "Up-scaling perovskite solar cell manufacturing from sheet-to-sheet to roll-to-roll: challenges and solutions", Proc. SPIE 10363, Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XVIII, 103630E (25 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2274438; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274438

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