23 August 2017 ZERODUR - bending strength: review of achievements
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Proceedings Volume 10371, Optomechanical Engineering 2017; 1037104 (2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2272562
Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2017, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
Increased demand for using the glass ceramic ZERODUR® with high mechanical loads called for strength data based on larger statistical samples. Design calculations for failure probability target value below 1: 100 000 cannot be made reliable with parameters derived from 20 specimen samples. The data now available for a variety of surface conditions, ground with different grain sizes and acid etched for full micro crack removal, allow stresses by factors four to ten times higher than before. The large sample revealed that breakage stresses of ground surfaces follow the three parameter Weibull distribution instead of the two parameter version. This is more reasonable considering that the micro cracks of such surfaces have a maximum depth which is reflected in the existence of a threshold breakage stress below which breakage probability is zero. This minimum strength allows calculating minimum lifetimes. Fatigue under load can be taken into account by using the stress corrosion coefficient for the actual environmental humidity. For fully etched surfaces Weibull statistics fails. The precondition of the Weibull distribution, the existence of one unique failure mechanism, is not given anymore. ZERODUR® with fully etched surfaces free from damages introduced after etching endures easily 100 MPa tensile stress. The possibility to use ZERODUR® for combined high precision and high stress application was confirmed by the successful launch and continuing operation of LISA Pathfinder the precursor experiment for the gravitational wave antenna satellite array eLISA.
Conference Presentation
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Peter Hartmann, "ZERODUR - bending strength: review of achievements", Proc. SPIE 10371, Optomechanical Engineering 2017, 1037104 (23 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2272562; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2272562
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KEYWORDS
Zerodur

Probability theory

Ceramics

Corrosion

Etching

Failure analysis

Glasses

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