Modeling photoemission using the Moments Approach (akin to Spicer’s “Three Step Model”) is often presumed to follow simple models for the prediction of two critical properties of photocathodes: the yield or “Quantum Efficiency” (QE), and the intrinsic spreading of the beam or “emittance” εn;rms. The simple models, however, tend to obscure properties of electrons in materials, the understanding of which is necessary for a proper prediction of a semiconductor or metal’s QE and εn;rms. This structure is characterized by localized resonance features as well as a universal trend at high energy. Presented in this study is a prototype analysis concerning the density of states (DOS) factor D(E) for Copper in bulk to replace the simple three-dimensional form of D(E) = (m/π2 h3)p2mE currently used in the Moments approach. This analysis demonstrates that excited state spectra of atoms, molecules and solids based on density-functional theory can be adapted as useful information for practical applications, as well as providing theoretical interpretation of density-of-states structure, e.g., qualitatively good descriptions of optical transitions in matter, in addition to DFT’s utility in providing the optical constants and material parameters also required in the Moments Approach.