6 September 2017 Fabrication of CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index
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Abstract
Among solid-state lighting technology, phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (pc-WLEDs) are excellent candidates to replace incandescent lamps for their merit of high energy conservation, long lifetime, high luminous efficiency as well as polarized emissions. Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are emerging color tunable emissive light converters. They have shown significant promise as light emitters, as solar cells, and in biological imaging. It has been demonstrated that the pc-WLED devices integrated with red emissive ZnCdSe QDs show improved color rendering index of device. However, cadmium-based QDs have limited future owing to the well-known toxicity. Recently, non-cadmium luminescence materials, i.e. CuInS2-based QDs, are investigated as desirable low toxic alternatives. Particularly, CuInS2-based QDs exhibit very broad emissions spectra with full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 100-120 nm, large Stokes shifts of 200~300 meV and finely-tunable emissions. In order to adjust emission wavelengths and improved quantum yield (QY), CuInS2/ZnS (CIS/ZnS) core/shell structure was introduced. Therefore, CIS/ZnS QDs have been extensively investigated and be used as color converter in solid-state lighting. Synthesis and application of CuInS2/ZnS core/shell QDs are conducted using a hot injection route. CIS/ZnS core/shell QDs with molar ratio of Cu:In equal to 1:4 are prepared. For WLED fabrication, the CIS/ZnS QD is dispersed in toluene first, and then it is blended with transparent acrylic-based UV resin. Subsequently, the commercial green-emitting Lu3Al5O12: Ce3+ (LuAG) phosphors are mixed with QDs-resin mixture. After that, the QDs-phosphors-resin mixtures are put in the oven at 140 °C for 1 h to evaporate the toluene. Subsequently, the homogeneous QDs-phosphors-resin mixture is dropped on the top of a blue LED chip (InGaN). Then, the device is cured by 400 W UV light to form WLED. The emission wavelength of CIS/ZnS QD exhibits yellow region of 552 nm with QY of 76 %, and with relatively broad bandwidth of 86 nm. The structure of CIS/ZnS belongs to chalcopyrite phase and its average particle size is 3.2 nm. The luminous efficacy, color rendering index (CRI), correlated color temperature (CCT), and CIE chromaticity coordinate of WLED is 47 lm/W, 89, 5661 K, and (0.33, 0.29), respectively.
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Chih-Chun Hsiao, Yu-Sheng Su, Shu-Ru Chung, "Fabrication of CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index", Proc. SPIE 10378, Sixteenth International Conference on Solid State Lighting and LED-based Illumination Systems, 103780L (6 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273135; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2273135
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