7 September 2017 X-ray backscatter radiography with lower open fraction coded masks
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Abstract
Single sided radiographic imaging would find great utility for medical, aerospace and security applications. While coded apertures can be used to form such an image from backscattered X-rays they suffer from near field limitations that introduce noise. Several theoretical studies have indicated that for an extended source the images signal to noise ratio may be optimised by using a low open fraction (<0.5) mask. However, few experimental results have been published for such low open fraction patterns and details of their formulation are often unavailable or are ambiguous. In this paper we address this process for two types of low open fraction mask, the dilute URA and the Singer set array. For the dilute URA the procedure for producing multiple 2D array patterns from given 1D binary sequences (Barker codes) is explained. Their point spread functions are calculated and their imaging properties are critically reviewed. These results are then compared to those from the Singer set and experimental exposures are presented for both type of pattern; their prospects for near field imaging are discussed.
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André A. M. Muñoz, Anna Vella, Matthew J. F. Healy, David W. Lane, Ian Jupp, David Lockley, "X-ray backscatter radiography with lower open fraction coded masks", Proc. SPIE 10393, Radiation Detectors in Medicine, Industry, and National Security XVIII, 103930A (7 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273784; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2273784
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