Brain demyelination lesions occur due to damage of the myelin layer of nerve fibers; and therefore this deterioration is the cause of serious pathologies such as multiple sclerosis (MS), leukodystrophy, disseminated acute encephalomyelitis. Cerebral or cerebrovascular ischemia is the interruption of the blood supply to the brain, thus interrupting; the flow of oxygen and nutrients needed to maintain the functioning of brain cells. The algorithm allows the differentiation between these lesions.
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D. Castillo, René Samaniego, Y. Jiménez, L. Cuenca, O. Vivanco, M. J. Rodríguez-Álvarez, "Demyelinating and ischemic brain diseases: detection algorithm through regular magnetic resonance images," Proc. SPIE 10396, Applications of Digital Image Processing XL, 103961C (19 September 2017);