19 September 2017 Veterinary software application for comparison of thermograms for pathology evaluation
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Abstract
The bilateral symmetry property in mammals allows for the detection of pathology by comparison of opposing sides. For any pathological disorder, thermal patterns differ compared to the normal body part. A software application for veterinary clinics has been under development to input two thermograms of body parts on both sides, one normal and the other unknown, and the application compares them based on extracted features and appropriate similarity and difference measures and outputs the likelihood of pathology. Here thermographic image data from 19° C to 40° C was linearly remapped to create images with 256 gray level values. Features were extracted from these images, including histogram, texture and spectral features. The comparison metrics used are the vector inner product, Tanimoto, Euclidean, city block, Minkowski and maximum value metric. Previous research with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) pathology in dogs suggested any thermogram variation below a threshold of 40% of Euclidean distance is normal and above 40% is abnormal. Here the 40% threshold was applied to a new ACL image set and achieved a sensitivity of 75%, an improvement from the 55% sensitivity of the previous work. With the new data set it was determined that using a threshold of 20% provided a much improved 92% sensitivity metric. However, this will require further research to determine the corresponding specificity success rate. Additionally, it was found that the anterior view provided better results than the lateral view. It was also determined that better results were obtained with all three feature sets than with just the histogram and texture sets. Further experiments are ongoing with larger image datasets, and pathologies, new features and comparison metric evaluation for determination of more accurate threshold values to separate normal and abnormal images.
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Gita Pant, Gita Pant, Scott E. Umbaugh, Scott E. Umbaugh, Rohini Dahal, Rohini Dahal, Norsang Lama, Norsang Lama, Dominic J. Marino, Dominic J. Marino, Joseph Sackman, Joseph Sackman, } "Veterinary software application for comparison of thermograms for pathology evaluation", Proc. SPIE 10396, Applications of Digital Image Processing XL, 103962B (19 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273077; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2273077
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