5 September 2017 Landsat-8 TIRS thermal radiometric calibration status
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Abstract
The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) instrument is the thermal-band imager on the Landsat-8 platform. The initial onorbit calibration estimates of the two TIRS spectral bands indicated large average radiometric calibration errors, -0.29 and -0.51 W/m2 sr μm or -2.1K and -4.4K at 300K in Bands 10 and 11, respectively, as well as high variability in the errors, 0.87K and 1.67K (1-σ), respectively. The average error was corrected in operational processing in January 2014, though, this adjustment did not improve the variability. The source of the variability was determined to be stray light from far outside the field of view of the telescope. An algorithm for modeling the stray light effect was developed and implemented in the Landsat-8 processing system in February 2017. The new process has improved the overall calibration of the two TIRS bands, reducing the residual variability in the calibration from 0.87K to 0.51K at 300K for Band 10 and from 1.67K to 0.84K at 300K for Band 11. There are residual average lifetime bias errors in each band: 0.04 W/m2 sr μm (0.30K) and -0.04 W/m2 sr μm (-0.29K), for Bands 10 and 11, respectively.
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Julia A. Barsi, Julia A. Barsi, Brian L. Markham, Brian L. Markham, Matthew Montanaro, Matthew Montanaro, Aaron Gerace, Aaron Gerace, Simon J. Hook, Simon J. Hook, John R. Schott, John R. Schott, Nina G. Raqueno, Nina G. Raqueno, Ron Morfitt, Ron Morfitt, } "Landsat-8 TIRS thermal radiometric calibration status", Proc. SPIE 10402, Earth Observing Systems XXII, 104021G (5 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2276045; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2276045
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