5 September 2017 Impact of fluorescence on the underwater polarized light field: comparison of theory and field measurements
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Abstract
We have examined, in earlier work, the relationship between naturally induced chlorophyll-a fluorescence and the underwater polarized oceanic light field. This shows the un-polarized fluorescence causes a reduction in the degree of polarization over the fluorescence spectral range. Theory shows that the peak of the reduction in polarization occurs at or near the fluorescence peak. Furthermore, it also shows that the magnitude of this reduction in degree of polarization can be related to both the magnitude of the fluorescence as well as the intensity of the underwater light field over the fluorescence spectral range. To examine this relationship in detail, a vector radiative transfer code (VRTE) for the coupled atmosphere-ocean system was employed for a variety of oligotrophic and eutrophic water conditions. The VRTE used measured inherent optical properties (IOPs) for these water conditions as inputs to simulate the complete elastic and inelastic components of the underwater light field, as well as the degree of linear polarization (DoLP) associated with it. These theoretical predictions were then compared with the results of DoLP measurements carried out using by our multiangular hyperspectral polarimeter. A comparison of the measured reduction in degree polarization of the underwater light field over the fluorescence spectral range, and the magnitude of the fluorescence causing it, confirmed the validity of our theoretical relationship, and the feasibility of determining the natural fluorescence existing in an underwater light field from polarization measurements.
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Ahmed El-Habashi, Ahmed El-Habashi, Robert Foster, Robert Foster, Carlos Carrizo, Carlos Carrizo, Thomas Legbandt, Thomas Legbandt, Sam Ahmed, Sam Ahmed, } "Impact of fluorescence on the underwater polarized light field: comparison of theory and field measurements", Proc. SPIE 10402, Earth Observing Systems XXII, 104022Q (5 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2279618; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2279618
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