1 September 2017 Residual settlements detection of ocean reclaimed lands with multi-platform SAR time series and SBAS technique: a case study of Shanghai Pudong International Airport
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Abstract
Shanghai Pudong International airport is one of the three major international airports in China. The airport is located at the Yangtze estuary which is a sensitive belt of sea and land interaction region. The majority of the buildings and facilities in the airport are built on ocean-reclaimed lands and silt tidal flat. Residual ground settlement could probably occur after the completion of the airport construction. The current status of the ground settlement of the airport and whether it is within a safe range are necessary to be investigated. In order to continuously monitor the ground settlement of the airport, two Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) time series, acquired by X-band TerraSAR-X (TSX) and TanDEM-X (TDX) sensors from December 2009 to December 2010 and from April 2013 to July 2015, were used for analyzing with SBAS technique. We firstly obtained ground deformation measurement of each SAR subset. Both of the measurements show that obvious ground subsidence phenomenon occurred at the airport, especially in the second runway, the second terminal, the sixth cargo plane and the eighth apron. The maximum vertical ground deformation rates of both SAR subset measurements were greater than -30 mm/year, while the cumulative ground deformations reached up to -30 mm and -35 mm respectively. After generation of SBAS-retrieved ground deformation for each SAR subset, we performed a joint analysis to combine time series of each common coherent point by applying a geotechnical model. The results show that three centralized areas of ground deformation existed in the airport, mainly distributed in the sixth cargo plane, the fifth apron and the fourth apron, The maximum vertical cumulative ground subsidence was more than -70 mm. In addition, by analyzing the combined time series of four selected points, we found that the ground deformation rates of the points located at the second runway, the third runway, and the second terminal, were progressively smaller as time goes by. It indicates that the stabilities of the foundation around these points were gradually enhanced.
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Lei Yu, Lei Yu, Tianliang Yang, Tianliang Yang, Qing Zhao, Qing Zhao, Antonio Pepe, Antonio Pepe, Hongbin Dong, Hongbin Dong, Zhibin Sun, Zhibin Sun, } "Residual settlements detection of ocean reclaimed lands with multi-platform SAR time series and SBAS technique: a case study of Shanghai Pudong International Airport", Proc. SPIE 10405, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XIV, 104050X (1 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273107; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2273107
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