3 October 2017 Imaging of polarized target in underwater environment
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Imaging of underwater targets is challenging because of the significant attenuation of the propagating light field due to the absorption and scattering by water and suspended/dissolved matter. Some living and manmade objects in water have surfaces which partially polarize the light, whose properties can be used to camouflage or, conversely, to detect such objects. The attenuation of light by the intervening water (so-called veiling light) changes both the intensity and polarization characteristics at each pixel of the image, but does not contain any information about the target and contributes to image degradation and blurring. Its properties need to be understood in order to isolate the true optical signature of the target. The main goal of this study is to retrieve the polarization characteristics of the target from the image in different water environmental and illumination conditions by taking into account coincidentally measured inherent water optical properties (IOPs) during recent field campaigns outside the Chesapeake Bay and in New York Bight. Data, in the form of images and videos, were acquired using a green-band full-Stokes polarimetric video camera. Analysis of the acquired images show reasonable agreement in Stokes vector components with the measurements by the underwater polarimeter and modeled polarized signals. In addition, Stokes vector components of the veiling light were also estimated and compared with the models. Finally, retrieval of the attenuation coefficient for the light from the target is attempted from the measurements and compared with the results of the independent measurements of IOPs.
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Carlos Carrizo, Carlos Carrizo, Robert Foster, Robert Foster, Ahmed El-Habashi, Ahmed El-Habashi, Deric Gray, Deric Gray, Alex Gilerson, Alex Gilerson, } "Imaging of polarized target in underwater environment", Proc. SPIE 10422, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2017, 104220F (3 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2279149; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2279149


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