3 October 2017 Oil spill characterization thanks to optical airborne imagery during the NOFO campaign 2015
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Abstract
One of the objectives of the NAOMI (New Advanced Observation Method Integration) research project, fruit of a partnership between Total and ONERA, is to work on the detection, the quantification and the characterization of offshore hydrocarbon at the sea surface using airborne remote sensing. In this framework, work has been done to characterize the spectral signature of hydrocarbons in lab in order to build a database of oil spectral signatures. The main objective of this database is to provide spectral libraries for data processing algorithms to be applied to airborne VNIRSWIR hyperspectral images. A campaign run by the NOFO institute (Norwegian Clean Seas Association for Operating Companies) took place in 2015 to test anti-pollution equipment. During this campaign, several hydrocarbon products, including an oil emulsion, were released into the sea, off the Norwegian coast. The NOFO team allowed the NAOMI project to acquire data over the resulting oil slicks using the SETHI system, which is an airborne remote sensing imaging system developed by ONERA. SETHI integrates a new generation of optoelectronic and radar payloads and can operate over a wide range of frequency bands. SETHI is a pod-based system operating onboard a Falcon 20 Dassault aircraft, which is owned by AvDEF. For these experiments, imaging sensors were constituted by 2 synthetic aperture radar (SAR), working at X and L bands in a full polarimetric mode (HH, HV, VH, VV) and 2 HySpex hyperspectral cameras working in the VNIR (0,4 to 1 μm) and SWIR (1 to 2,5 μm) spectral ranges. A sample of the oil emulsion that was used during the campaign was sent to our laboratory for analysis. Measurements of its transmission and of its reflectance in the VNIR and SWIR spectral domains have been performed at ONERA with a Perkin Elmer spectroradiometer and a spectrogoniometer. Several samples of the oil emulsion were prepared in order to measure spectral variations according to oil thickness, illumination angle and aging. These measurements have been used to build spectral libraries. Spectral matching techniques, relying on these libraries have been applied to the airborne hyperspectral acquisitions. These data processing approaches enable to characterize the oil emulsion by estimating the properties taken into account to build the spectral library, thus going further than unsupervised spectral indices that are able to detect the presence of oil. The paper will describe the airborne hyperspectral data, the measurements performed in the laboratory, and the processing of the optical images with spectral indices for oil detection and with spectral matching techniques for oil characterization. Furthermore, the issue of mixed oil-water pixels in the hyperspectral images due to limited spatial resolution will be addressed by estimating the areal fraction of each.
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F. Viallefont-Robinet, F. Viallefont-Robinet, X. Ceamanos, X. Ceamanos, S. Angelliaume, S. Angelliaume, V. Miegebielle, V. Miegebielle, } "Oil spill characterization thanks to optical airborne imagery during the NOFO campaign 2015", Proc. SPIE 10422, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2017, 104220I (3 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2278336; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2278336
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