3 October 2017 Spatiotemporal hazard mapping of a flood event "migration" in a transboundary river basin as an operational tool in flood risk management
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Abstract
Flood disaster is one of the heaviest disasters in the world. It is necessary to monitor and evaluate the flood disaster in order to mitigate the consequences. As floods do not recognize borders, transboundary flood risk management is imperative in shared river basins. Disaster management is highly dependent on early information and requires data from the whole river basin. Based on the hypothesis that the flood events over the same area with same magnitude have almost identical evolution, it is crucial to develop a repository database of historical flood events. This tool, in the case of extended transboundary river basins, could constitute an operational warning system for the downstream area. The utility of SAR images for flood mapping, was demonstrated by previous studies but the SAR systems in orbit were not characterized by high operational capacity. Copernicus system will fill this gap in operational service for risk management, especially during emergency phase. The operational capabilities have been significantly improved by newly available satellite constellation, such as the Sentinel-1A AB mission, which is able to provide systematic acquisitions with a very high temporal resolution in a wide swath coverage. The present study deals with the monitoring of a transboundary flood event in Evros basin. The objective of the study is to create the “migration story” of the flooded areas on the basis of the evolution in time for the event occurred from October 2014 till May 2015. Flood hazard maps will be created, using SAR-based semi-automatic algorithms and then through the synthesis of the related maps in a GIS-system, a spatiotemporal thematic map of the event will be produced. The thematic map combined with TanDEM-X DEM, 12m/pixel spatial resolution, will define the non- affected areas which is a very useful information for the emergency planning and emergency response phases. The Sentinels meet the main requirements to be an effective and suitable operational tool in transboundary flood risk management.
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Theodora Perrou, Theodora Perrou, Asterios Papastergios, Asterios Papastergios, Issaak Parcharidis, Issaak Parcharidis, Marco Chini, Marco Chini, } "Spatiotemporal hazard mapping of a flood event "migration" in a transboundary river basin as an operational tool in flood risk management", Proc. SPIE 10426, Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, 104260A (3 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2277746; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2277746
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