5 October 2017 Impacts of post-disaster recovery on land surface temperature after the 2004 earthquake and Indian tsunami: a case study of Banda Aceh, Indonesia
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Abstract
Aceh had been the focus of an unprecedented international rehabilitation effort in response to the extreme SumatraAndaman earthquake and tsunami disaster on December 24, 2004. During this period, most researchers have contributed to better understanding what happened in the past, and what going to happen in the future. This paper is related to the environmental impact assessment of post-disaster recovery and reconstructions in Banda Aceh city of Indonesia. The indicators are based on the use of the moderate spatial resolution optical satellite sensor by assessing the impacts of land use and land cover change (LULC) on land surface temperature (LST). LULC classification and LST were derived and estimated utilizing visible and thermal infrared data of the Landsat-5 TM + Landsat 8 OLI within the period 2000 and 2015. The surface temperature-vegetation index space of LULC was established to investigate the impacts of land changes over LST sensitivity. The result demonstrated that the post-disaster recovery and reconstruction has had a significant impact to the LULC in Banda Aceh and its fringes. Dramatic LULC in Banda Aceh significantly increases the LST, the temporal trend of pixels space migrated from the dense vegetation-low temperature condition to the less dense vegetation-high temperature condition.
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Saumi Syahreza, M. Syukri Surbakti, Kok Chooi Tan, Hwee San Lim, Mohamad Zubir Mat Jafri, "Impacts of post-disaster recovery on land surface temperature after the 2004 earthquake and Indian tsunami: a case study of Banda Aceh, Indonesia", Proc. SPIE 10428, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications VIII, 104280K (5 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2279001; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2279001
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